Earthwatch Urban Resiliency Program
Operation Healthy Air (April 2017 – Present)
Our newest program, Operation Healthy Air will engage partners and participants to map and measure how differences in their environment—such as amount of trees or pavement, affect local air quality and temperature. Starting with pilot sampling “campaigns” in Long Beach, and Chino, and the Inland Empire (e.g. Riverside and Redlands) in the summer of 2017, we will look to expand in 2018 to greater Los Angeles and other cities. Find out more on how to get involved.
Operation Resilient Trees (July 2015 – June 2017)
During Resilient Trees 1.0 (July 2015 – May 2016), citizen scientists collected measurements on 10 different tree species across a 150 mile-long geographical gradient in order to better understand each species’ water use, cooling benefit, and physiological performance in each climate zone. Resilient Trees 2.0 (July – December 2016) continued this work with almost 400 tree measurements on a new set of ten species. Resilient Trees 3.0 (January – June 2017) will focus on another set of 10 species, culminating in valuable research on 30 species of urban trees that are potentially “climate-ready.”
Operation Tree Canopy (August 2014 – 2015)
Citizen scientists collected on-the-ground data to corroborate NASA aerial imagery of the study region. Recording tree species, health, size, and taking a physical sample of each tree’s leaves, citizen scientists provided essential ground-truthing for the climate, land cover, and temperature models being developed from NASA’s data. The data are currently being analyzed and we expect a publication in late 2017.
Earthwatch Institute launched the Urban Resiliency Program recognizing the need for more data-driven solutions and civic engagement in addressing urban challenges. The program started in 2014 in Los Angeles to fill critical research needs about creating resilient urban environments and providing opportunities for the public to become involved in doing real science about their local environment in a fun way. While the program began in the Southern California area, we aim to expand and engage people globally.
Our most recent program is Operation Healthy Air, which began in the summer of 2017. This program will engage partners and participants to map and measure how differences in their environment—such as the number of trees or amount of pavement—affect local air quality and temperature.
Our program was created as a response to the needs identified by local organizations for better information about which trees to plant to create a resilient urban environment. By mobilizing members of the public in citizen science, the program seeks to generate data that informs the creation of green space and also build a community of informed ambassadors who are willing and informed about how best to build a resilient urban environment. Dr. Darrel Jenerette of UC Riverside leads the program’s scientific team.
This is an effort to help cities and urban regions anticipate and respond to the effects of climate change, and to help urban populations understand and reduce the burdens they place on their environment.
In an increasingly urbanized world, green space is growing more important
Southern California is facing serious challenges from climate change including increasing heat and decreasing water availability. Heavily populated regions across the diverse climates found in Southern California will be particularly hard hit by these impacts with the number of extreme heat days projected to be greater than 30 each year.
Increasing use and access to green space within urban areas have been identified by private and public institutions as an important strategy to help communities build resilience and adapt to climate change. Because trees require water, we need to know how different trees grow and provide benefits under future climatic conditions and water limitations. We need to increase our scientific understanding of these issues and share our results with managers and policymakers.
Together with Dr. Darrel Jenerette and Peter Ibsen of the University of California Riverside, a field research program has been designed to help increase our understanding of how trees are performing in the Los Angeles region, and how they are likely to fare under future climate scenarios. To support this research, program partners are then engaged in specific citizen science activities across greater Los Angeles to contribute the large quantities of data needed to improve our understanding of how urban trees perform.
The right tree in the right place with the right support
Our citizen science efforts currently assess the performance of 30 tree species across the climatic gradient represented in Southern California. By examining how different individual trees of the same species fare across the climatic gradient (e.g. cooler and more moist by the coast to hotter and drier conditions in the desert), we are able to understand the degree to which different species are likely to cope with the future climate scenarios. We can then use this information to inform which trees are likely to be appropriate for future climate patterns, yielding more benefits to the surrounding community.
The program has:
- Involved more than 600 community participants from Los Angeles to Riverside
- Trained nearly 50 team leaders
- Collected data on more than 1400 trees
- Actively engaged over 15 partnerships
While urban forests make up only a small percentage of the total forested area of California, the proximity to trees and their ecological benefits is important for human health. Some of the known benefits of urban forests include:
- CO2 storage and sequestration
- Cooling of air temperatures through shading and tree transpiration
- Improved quality of life through aesthetic value, noise reduction, and reduction in stress.
- Improved human health through minimizing heat effects, and reducing exposure to UV rays
- Avoided emissions through reduced energy use
- Air pollution removal through dry deposition
- Reduced flood risk, and reduced water pollution
- Increased property value through curb appeal and neighborhood charm